Teaching, mentoring, oversea, scholarship and outreach

Summer School 2018


  • July 12 (Thu.), classes
  • July 13 (Fri.), Excursion
  • July 14-16, classes
  • July 17 (Tue.), Excursion
  • July 18, class
Time July 12 July 14 July 15 July 16 July 18
08:30-09:30 0. Welcome 6. ν osc. the. 12. DM theory 18. comp. tools 24. analog elec.
09:30-09:45 Coffee Coffee Coffee Coffee Coffee
09:45-10:45 1. ν overview 7. ν osc. exp. 13. DM (indirect) 19. Geant4 sim. 25. digital elec.
10:45-11:00 Coffee Coffee Coffee Coffee Coffee
11:00-12:00 2. ν mass exp. 8. ν mass the. 14. HPGe system 20. Geant4 sim. 26. underground lab
12:00-13:00 Lunch Lunch Lunch Lunch Lunch
13:00-14:00 Discussion Discussion Discussion Discussion Discussion
14:00-14:45 3. ν mass exp. 9. semiconductor 15. spectroscopy 21. pre-amp 27. data analysis
14:45-15:00 Coffee Coffee Coffee Coffee Coffee
15:00-16:00 4. DM intro. 10. v astr. 16. RPC & INO 22. xstal growth 28. data analysis
16:00-16:15 Coffee Coffee Coffee Coffee Coffee
16:15-17:15 5. rad. det. basic 11. ν interactions 17. ν application 23. det. fab. 29. sum. & exam
17:15-18:15 Sports Sports Sports Sports Sports
18:15-19:15 Dinner Dinner Dinner Dinner Dinner
19:15-20:15 Culture Culture Culture Culture Culture




  • Introduction of PIRE-GEMADARC (Dongming Mei)
  • Introduction of Sichuan University (Hong Zhang)
  • Logistics (Shin-Ted Lin)

Neutrino overview

  • Historical development of the field (Iris Abt)
    • Evidence from beta decays, first observation by Cowan–Reines
    • Lepton number, Parity violation, helicity, etc.
    • Neutrino beams, solar neutrino problem, atmospheric neutrinos
  • Ideas for future neutrino applications (Iris Abt)
    • Oil exploration, nuclear proliferation, mantle scans, etc.

Neutrino oscillations

  • Theory (Meng-Ru Wu)
    • general formalism
    • flavor oscillations in vacuum
    • matter effect, and collective oscillations
  • Experiment (Anna Zsigmond)
    • solar, accelerator, reactor, atmospheric neutrino experiments

Neutrino masses and properties

  • Experiments (John Wilkerson)
    • neutrinoless double beta decay
    • single beta decay
    • cosmological observations
  • Theory (Shun Zhou)
    • Majorana & Dirac mass terms, seesaw mechanism, Leptogenesis

Neutrino astronomy

(Meng-Ru Wu)

  • solar neutrinos
  • supernova neutrinos
  • ultra-high energy neutrinos

Neutrino interactions

(Henry Wang)

  • high energy (above CC threshold)
  • NC and CC deep inelastic, coherent
  • Neutrino-electromagnetic interactions, etc.

Neutrino applications

(Iris Abt)

  • study the universe
  • study the earth
  • study physics beyond the SM
  • search for oil and other deposits
  • destroy nuclear weapons remotely

Dark matter

  • Introduction (Bela Majorovits)
    • CMB, large-scale structure, rotation curves, bullet cluster, etc.
  • Direct detection (Bela Majorovits)
    • experimental methods and experiments survey
  • Indirect detection (Yizhong Fan)
    • experimental methods and experiments survey
  • Theory survey (Yufeng Zhou)

Radiation detection

(Tomas Caldwell)

  • radioactive sources
  • interactions with matter
  • creation of charge carriers by radiation


(Iris Abt)

  • band-structure
  • some comparison to silicon
  • diodes
  • detector configurations
  • some example applications

HPGe system

(Xiang Liu)

  • components (detector, cryostat, electronics, software)
  • operation (trigger, threshold, coincidence, etc.)
  • Pulse-shape simulation


(Venktesh Singh)

  • Basic of gaseous detectors
  • RPC fabrication and its characterization
  • RPC for INO experiment

Underground laboratories

(Dongming Mei)

  • Laboratory survey
  • Cosmic ray, natural radiation, Rn, etc.

Computational tools and Geant4 simulation

(Oliver Schulz, Xiang Liu, Anna Zsigmond)

  • programming languages, version control and collaborating tools
  • setup for hand-on tutorial
  • Geant4 MC simulation basics
  • Geant4 hands-on tutorial

Data analysis

(Oliver Schulz, Xiang Liu, Anna Zsigmond)

  • ROOT hands-on tutorial
  • counting
  • fitting, plotting
  • energy calibration


(Elena Sala)

  • counting statistics (basic distributions)
  • basic spectroscopy concepts (resolution, Fano, dead time, etc.)

Detector fabrication

  • crystal purification and growth (Guojian Wang)
  • surface treatment for contact making (H. Rusty Harris)


  • pre-amp (Zhi Deng)
    • basics of charge sensitive amplifier
    • noise
    • bandwidth
  • analog pulse shaping (Zhi Deng)
    • integration & differentiation circuits
    • shaping time
    • pole zero
  • digital pulse shaping (Zhi Deng)
    • ADC basics (bits, etc.)
    • filters


(Jing Liu)

  • summary
  • survey
  • exam

Organizing committee


Two days of guided excursions will interleave five days of lectures. The expense is included in the registration fee. We may visit the following sites:


Students are encouraged to present their own research in the form of posters. There will be a “Best poster award” announced at the end of the school. Posters will be hang around the lecture room and/or the dinner place to give us chances to discuss about them.


Participants should apply for L visa (tourist visa) via their local Chinese embassy or consulate by providing their ordinary passport, visa application form, and other required documents. General information can be found on the Chinese embassy website. For US citizen, please follow instructions on this page.

Updates on Apr. 30, 2018: we cannot issue invitation letters anymore. People who registered late have to apply their visa without the letter. This is possible. Please read the links provided above carefully and find out how to do that.


If your institute representative is not assisting you with your visa application process, please fill this form and send it to the organizer together with a photo copy of the name page of your passport so that we can draft the invitation letter for you accordingly. If you have been taken care of, there is no need to submit the materials twice. Please note that these materials have to be submitted before March 31. Otherwise, you may not get an invitation letter in time. In that case, you can use your hotel and flight booking information instead of the invitation letter in your visa application. But in general, you are advised to avoid any last-minute action if possible.

Some instructions on filling the form:


Breakfast will be provided by hotel. We highly encourage you to book lunch box and dinner provided by the local organizing committee to have safe, convenient and delicious food. Tickets can be purchased on site one day before the school. Please indicate your food preference in our registration form so that we can prepare accordingly. We can provide information for your own food adventures on excursion days. It would be wise to have some local students in your adventure team.


KeHua Hotel

We will be staying in the KeHuaYuan Hotel right on SCU campus from July 11 to 18. Its address is

No. 141,
Ke-Hua North Road,
Wuhou District,
Chengdu, China

There is no need to make your own reservation as long as you register online. Students are highly encouraged to share rooms. Foreign students will be mixed with Chinese students to increase culture exchange opportunities.

Lecturers will stay in the same hotel to maximize the chance for students to discuss with them.


Some local students may meet you in Chengdu airport if you need help to find your way to the hotel. If that is the case, please email the organizer your flight information as soon as you have it.

Financial assistance

PIRE GEMADARC provides some limited amount of awards for students and lecturers who perform well in the school. The awards will be announced at the end of the school. The school does not have budget to cover individual travel costs. Participants are responsible to finance their own travels.

Culture and activities

In addition to two days of excursions, we offer you


The registration is closed. The registration fee is $160 US dollars for students outside of China, and 1,000 RMB for Chinese students. It is used to cover the following cost:

  • coffee, tea, and snacks in between lectures
  • a banquet and a culture show during the banquet
  • two-days of excursion
  • a T-shirt and some stationaries with PIRE-GEMADARC logos

Please refer to this page for the payment of the registration fee. If you cannot stay for the whole school, you can pay for a daily fee on the spot.

Please note that the registration process and fee are NOT waived for lecturers. They need to fill the form and pay the registration fee as well. However, lecturers from outside the PIRE-GEMADARC collaboration may receive lecturing fees as compensation.

LinkedIn is a webpage about our school in LinkedIn, which can be referred to in your LinkedIn profile.

Code of Conduct

We adopt the Code of Conduct for APS Meetings for our summer school. Please make sure that you are familiar with it before you join the school.


Mentoring and Exchange

How it works

A more senior person hosts a more junior person and provides opportunity and mentoring:

Senior faculty/staff could offer projects for junior faculty/staff

  • for planning an experiment
  • drafting an MoU
  • budgeting a project
  • writing a grant application
  • develop a course

The project should help the seniors as they would delegate some work, and help the juniors as they gain experience. There could be projects where no travel is required.

Any faculty, but especially junior faculty/postdocs , could offer projects for graduate students

  • measurement campaigns
  • design of test setups
  • building of test setups
  • prepare a lecture
  • write a paper

The junior faculty gain experience in guiding people, planing and mentoring. The graduate students learn something in a new research environment. The length of the exchange should be between 3 and 9 months.

Graduate students could offer projects for under-graduate students. [the RISE model]

  • do some test measurements
  • help with building something
  • help with some programming
  • build a little something needed for the graduate work

The graduate students gain experience in guiding people, planing and mentoring. The under-graduate students learn something in a research environment. The lengths of the exchange should be between 8 and 15 weeks.

Under-graduate students [with help from above] could offer projects for high-school students. It is very good for the students to think about how to teach 15 to 18 years old.



Researchers at MPI welcome visitors at all levels, as long as they are more than 18 years old and have valid papers. The best experience is normally obtained in a one-on-one situation.

They can provide required invitation letters and directing people how to register [which is required for people working there]. Health insurance is required! It can be purchased there, if it cannot be proven to exist. Liability insurance is also required. It can be provided together with a small contract [below the taxable limit].


Undergraduate program

PIRE-GEMADRAC offers an opportunity to obtain research experience this summer in China. The program lasts 10 weeks with 6 weeks in China. The scholarship is $10,500 in total including $5,000 stipend and $5,500 travel expenses. The flier of the program for this year can be found here. The application deadline is Feb. 20, 2018.

Graduate program

International exchange program

PIRE-GEMADARC also provides international graduate exchange programs involving worldwide best facilities and prestigious institutions: MPI in Germany, Tsinghua University in China, Academic Institute of Physics in Taiwan, and Queen’s University in Canada. Scholarship receivers are expected to spend 6-10 weeks every year on Ge-based low-energy neutrino physics, dark matter searches, and neutrinoless double-beta decay experiments. Contacts: Joel Sander, Dongming Mei, Jing Liu, Wenqin Xu.

Travel support

PIRE-GEMADARC offers travel award up to $3,000 for graduate students to participate

Contacts: Jing Liu, Wenqin Xu, Joel Sander, Dongming Mei.